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Whiskeys And Their Flavors

Whiskeys And Their Flavors

People often say they cannot taste or smell anything but alcohol in whiskey and that is fine because whiskey has very alcohol content, higher than wine or beer. However, tasting different whiskeys will show you that they are, in fact, very diverse in both flavor and smell. This beverage is a complex mixture of grains, flavors, and distillation process.

The best Whiskey flavors

Even though some people can’t taste it, whiskey’s flavor are very distinctive and unique in every way. Each company makes a different flavored whiskey, and it depends on the type of grain they use, aging time, distillation process and even the barrels used for the aging process.

1. Irish Whiskey

Delicate sweet and honey flavor is the unique characteristic of the Irish Whiskey, one of the most popular drinks today. Irish Whisky is often a blend of malted and unmalted whiskey as well as column-stilled corn-based whiskey, or in another case, triple distilled malted barley.

Irish Whiskey

It’s dried in the closed kiln, this way it is far away from all the smoke that is the characteristic of Scotch. Irish Whiskey ages in already used barrels, often wine or bourbon casks. It needs to age in them for at least three years before it becomes Irish Whiskey. The most famous representatives are of course Tullamore Dew and Green Spot.

2. Scotch Whisky

We already mentioned Scotch has a unique smoky flavor. That distinctive character isn’t easy to get, and it mainly depends on the malt drying process. Part of the drying process is done over a fire which allows the smoke to get in contact with the beer in the first place.

Smokey flavor is the thing that makes Scotch unique. However, there are two subtypes of this drink, and those are Single and Blended Scotch. Single scotch means that it’s produced from a single distillery while blended means that this drink is a mix of whiskeys from different distilleries, youngest of which is the actual age of the final product.

3. Bourbon Whiskey

beam_rack_houseEven though many people think that Bourbon isn’t made only in Bourbon County in the United States. However, it is a typical American drink. Grain mash whiskey is made from is mainly based on corn, according to American regulations, it has to include at least 51% corn in its mash. The Straight Bourbon must be distilled to achieve at least 80% of alcohol content, and it has to age for at least two years in the charred oak barrels. Even though the necessary maturation time is two years, producers often let it mature for over four years for a better, distinctive flavor.

4. Canadian Whiskey

Perfect for cocktails, light and mixable, Canadian whiskey is often a blend of different grain spirits. It is made primarily of corn or wheat. However, many producers use rye and barley as a supplement. Maturation process required it to mature for at least three years in an oak barrel. However, it is often left there up to six years.

Whiskey Types – Everything you did and didn’t know

Whiskey Types – Everything you did and didn’t know

Whiskey is a heavenly beverage that brought us all together, and we formed William Lawson club for the purpose of making a whiskey lovers society and expanding our knowledge about this wonderful liquid. Even though we all share a passion towards this drink, a lot of us, in fact, isn’t informed sufficiently. We did a survey to check the knowledge of our members, and we found out that a big number of them doesn’t know the difference between the individual types of whiskey, that’s why we decided to inform our members properly.

The types of Whiskey

Whiskey is any liquid made and distilled from fermented grain mash, and it has from 40% to 94.8% alcohol by volume.

scotch-whisky

The factors that influence on the type of the whiskey are often the place of origin and the type of grain used for the mash. In the light of this, we will present you with four of the most important types of this heavenly drink.

1. Scotch

Even though people often use the word Scotch as a synonym for the word whiskey, it isn’t entirely legitimate. Scotch is a type of whiskey made from the malted barley. Most of them are made only out of barley, water, and yeast, but there’s nothing that can keep you from adding other grains or cereals. To be a real Scotch, this type of whiskey needs to be made in Scotland.

The whiskey should age for at least three years in oak casks to be called Scotch.

2. Bourbon

Bourbon is an exception to the rule that whiskey needs to be distilled only from fermented grain mash. Whiskey should be made from a mixture of grains and corn. However, the mixture should have at least 51% of the corn in its content.

Bourbon

Just like the Scotch needs to be from Scotland, Bourbon has to be from the United States. Kentucky is one of the states famous for its outstanding Bourbon drink. It doesn’t have an aging limit as Scotch does. However, so-called Straight Bourbon has to age for at least two years, also in the oak casks.

 Tennessee Whiskey3. Tennessee Whiskey

Tennessee Whiskey is, in fact, a type of Bourbon. However, the manufacturers don’t want to label them as Bourbon. The reason for this is that they claim they are the only ones who use the charcoal filtering process. It is made in Tennessee, and one of the most popular representatives is the famous Jack Daniels.

4. Rye

The rules of labeling a whiskey as Rye are different in the various countries. For example in Canada, the mixture for the drink doesn’t need to be predominantly rye, and it only has to have some rye in the mash to be called Rye. In America, mash has to be at least 51% rye to be called like this. Alberta Premium from Canada is the only rye producer who makes this drink from 100% rye mash. Just as Bourbon, to be called Straight Rye, it has to age in oak casks for at least two years.

Whiskey Etymology

Whiskey Etymology

Whiskey has a bunch of different names and particular phrases you can use to describe how you want your drink done. Some call it whiskey, some call it whiskey, but most people don’t know where these words originated from.
As whiskey has such a long history, it’s only logical that it, at first, wasn’t called the same as it is today.

Word origin

Whiskey was first introduced to the world by Christian monks somewhere between 11th and 13th century. As we all know, Christians used the Latin language in their scripture, so it’s no wonder that the first name whiskey ever had was in Latin. The original word for whiskey was aqua vitae, but it was translated into the old Irish language as uisce beatha. Uisce beatha literally means ”water of life”.

whiskey

Due to the mispronunciation of the seemingly difficult word uisce, people started saying ”whiskey, ” and that’s how it’s got the name we use today.

Different ways to order whiskey

drink-alcohol-cup-whiskey-51957Now that you know where it comes from and why it’s called whiskey, it’s time that you learn how to order it too. In most cases, when you approach a bartender and say ”give me a glass of whiskey”, they will most likely ask how do you want it done?

If you’re unfamiliar with terminology or you simply never ordered it before, you will definitely get confused. An important thing to know is, whiskey fanatics have their own vocabulary when it comes to whiskey, and if you want to drink it, you better learn it. Here’s what we’re talking about;

Neat, on the rocks or cut?

Some people say that neat whiskey is the only proper way of drinking whiskey. This term suggests that you want nothing but whiskey in your glass and you want it served at a room temperature. Neat whiskey is a bit stronger than the other two, and if you haven’t acquired the taste for it yet, it may make you cough or gag. However, it’s the best way to drink it if you really love the taste.

Whiskey on the rocks is a term you use when you want ice with your whiskey. Some people may disagree with this method because they think that it locks the flavor, whereas others say it’s a lot better with it. One thing is true; it will definitely go down easier probably won’t burn as much as neat whiskey if you haven’t gotten used to it yet.

When you order whiskey and tell the bartender to ”cut it”, you’re actually asking them to pour some water into it. Some people strongly disagree with this method and think that people who do this are sissies, while others swear that this makes the drink a lot better because it changes the chemical composition and unlocks a bunch of different flavors.

Using this method doesn’t say anything about you, and you shouldn’t listen to what anybody has to say. If you like it this way, keep ordering it and enjoy your drink.

History Of Whiskey

History Of Whiskey

Whiskey is such a common drink today that if you’d ask almost anyone what it is, they’d tell you right away. But, it hasn’t always been like that. The history of whiskey is quite an extraordinary story, and once you get to know it, you will appreciate that drink in your glass a lot more.

Distillation

As you already know, in order to make whiskey you need to master the distillation process first. However, this process was not initially meant for making whiskey. It was first used by ancient Egyptians for making perfumes. The first ever recording of distillation was found in the ancient Mesopotamia and Babylonia hundreds or years before Christ.

Destilation

Since the technology was very primitive and war was constantly waged, there was no reliable way of storing information or passing it to the next generation. So, after these civilizations lost power, the ancient techniques of distillation were lost. The only people who knew about it or used it regularly were monks.
This created a huge gap in distillation progress since it was only used by a small group of people who used the process to create several different types of beverages.

History of whiskey

As the power of nations shifted constantly, the people had to either migrate or die. So, once the Romans started taking over the world, the Christian monks who held the knowledge of distillation had to move north. The place where they felt safe and ready to settle was the area where today’s Scotland and Ireland lie.

Since it was such a wasteland, demolished by storms, harsh weather conditions, and cold, people had no other alternative than to make beer from the only herb they had – Barley.

Barley wasn’t domesticated enough so they couldn’t have used large quantities of it for the production of alcohol. The only reasonable thing to do was to make beer out of it. However, after hundreds of years, it started yielding much better harvests, and that’s where it all began.

The first whiskey was produced somewhere between 11th and 13th century by Christian Monks, but only much later was it mass produced.

Whiskey taking over the world

In the beginning, it wasn’t as good tasting as it is today. They still had to perfect this amazing drink. At that time, wine was the elite beverage, and most noblemen drank it. France was the primary distributor of wine and most people from Ireland and Scotland imported Cognac from it. However, wine was hit hard by pest, and nearly fifty percent of all wine was destroyed. Then, Frenchmen decided they don’t have enough for everybody and cut Scotland and Ireland off.

whisky

These countries then started mass producing Whiskey and since they had no place to store it one Scotsman had the idea of storing the whiskey in the already empty casks where Cognac used to be. Only later they realized that the idea this young lad had was actually genius. The whiskey blended with the aroma of cognac and created an ultimate drink.

With the progressing industrialization and mass production of glass bottles, whiskey was ready to take over the world. And as history is our witness, it indeed has.

How Scotch Whisky is Made – From Grain to Glass

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